Some interesting reads about the Nile River Basin. We are continuously adding more references.
Listing doesn't mean endorsement.
State of the Nile River Basin 2021 (SOB 2021), published by the Nile Basin Initiative
This is the second report of its kind, after the SOB 2012. Published by the Nile Basin Initiative.
The main focus of the 2021 report is on Water Security, and its relation with electricity security, agricultural production (food security), environmental sustainability, climate change and transboundary issues.
Download the publication: The State of the Nile River Basin 2021 .
- The Nile Basin Water Resources Atlas (Nile Basin Initiative, 2014) provides decision makers with a lot of factual information necessary for sustainable development of the communities living in the Nile Basin. From physiography and socio-economic profiles of the basin countries to climate, hydrology, water demand and use, monitoring an hydraulic infrastructure. Unfortunately, 'governance' and political aspects are missing from the atlas.
The Atlas comes printed on paper, but a pdf-version can also be downloaded from a NBI website.
- United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) has various atlases on international water resource, Africa and the Nile Basin:
Data resources and GIS
- FreeGISData.org: the Blue Nile
- "The Nile River Basin from SRTM data", from Whitebox GAT
- Natural Earth: Free vector and raster map data
- UNEP - Environmental Data Explorer. Click "Advanced" and filter “Geospatial Data Sets”.
- NASA Earth Observations NEO: global satellite imagery
- SEDAC - SocioEconomic Data and Applications Center
- Sentinel Scientific Data Hub - free high resolution images from the European Space Agency ESA
- ESRI - Open Data sets
- DIVA GIS data, organised per country
- Digital Egypt
- On the Agreement on Declaration of Principles between the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Republic of the Sudan on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam Project (GERDP) - 2015
- Rawia Tawfik (2015), The Declaration of Principles on Ethiopia’s Renaissance Dam: A breakthrough or another unfair deal? German Development Institute.
- Endalcachew Bayeh (2016), Agreement on Declaration of Principles on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam Project: A Reaffirmation of the 1929 and 1959 Agreements? In: Arts and Social Sciences Journal, 7: 2.
Back in history
- Pierre Crabitès, "The Nile Waters Agreement". In: Foreign Affairs, October 1929.
- Pierre Crabitès, "Egypt, the Sudan, and the Nile". In: Foreign Affairs, December 1924.
- Winston Churchill, The River War, 1899. This book is mainly an account of the war of the UK against the Mahdi in Sudan, but it includes an interesting chapter on the "Fashoda Incident" and the geopolitical competition over the Nile Basin with France.
- Tim Jeal, Explorers of the Nile: the triumph and tragedy of a great Victorian adventure. London, Faber and Faber, 2011.
An updated account, based on recently uncovered archival documents, of the 19th century search for the sources of the Nile. Learn more about Richard Burton's scheming against Jack Speke, about the Englishman who claimed Uganda for Egypt, and why these early explorers didn't just follow the river upstream from Egypt?